Following up on a report about FFmpeg being slower at MPEG audio decoding than MAD, I compared the speed of the two decoders on a few machines. FFmpeg came out somewhat ahead of MAD on most of my test systems with the exception of 32-bit PowerPC. On the PPC MAD was nearly twice as fast as FFmpeg, suggesting something was going badly wrong in the compilation.
A session with oprofile exposes multiplication as the root of the problem. The MPEG audio decoder in FFmpeg includes many operations of the form a += b * c where b and c are 32 bits in size and a is 64-bit. 64-bit maths on a 32-bit CPU is not handled well by GCC, even when good hardware support is available. A couple of examples compiled with GCC 4.3.3 illustrate this.